Adjusting text color using D3

When I was working on this calendar visualization, I found a pretty cool method to adjust the text color so that it will appear black on a lighter background and white on a darker background.

  <div style="display: flex;">
      v-for="value in items"
      :style="{ backgroundColor: `${bgScale(value)}`, width: '30px', height: '30px', display: 'flex', alignItems: 'center', justifyContent: 'center' }"
      <span :style="{ color: `${colorScale(valueToRatio(value))}` }"
        >{{ value }}</span

  import * as d3 from "d3";

  export default {
    props: {
      // some random data items
      items: {
        type: Array,
        default: () => [0, 1, 20, 30, 40, 23, 33, 50],
    data() {
      return {
        // higher value means darker bg color, lower value means lighter bg color
        bgScale: d3.scaleQuantize(
          [0, d3.max(this.items, (value) => value)],

        // higher value will have white color, lower value will have black color
        colorScale: d3.scaleQuantize([0, 1], ["black", "white"]),

        // function to transform value into a ratio
        valueToRatio: d3
          .domain([0, d3.max(this.items, (value) => value)])
          .range([0, 1]),

The idea is to transform our data into a ratio with valueToRatio function, and have two scale functions for background and text color.

With a untransformed value, get the background color from bgScale which returns a lighter color on the lower range, and a darker color on the lower range. Then with a ratio value, get the text color from colorScale which returns a darker color on the lower range, and a lighter color on the higher range.